In fitness there are many questions that give rise to many disputes both in the hall and in discussions in the network. We are opening a series of posts “Myths and Reality”, which will help to understand where the fairy tale and the lie, and where the lesson. The first question for parsing is whether it is safe to do a deep squat. Our trainer Viktor Ryazanov comments.
“Statistics of knee injury in weightlifting, where the most that neither is a deep squat, is an order of magnitude lower than in cyclical sports, where squats are not close. Excessive knee outlet for the cape – the moment is also controversial, given that the size of the legs is different for everyone. What to do for men who do not have the 45th, but the 40th foot size?
If we talk about what movements can and should not be done, let’s look at the question from the point of view of anatomy to the department of the musculoskeletal system in which motion occurs. If we are talking about the knee joint, we must assume that if such a movement were unnecessary, and even more dangerous, nature would be provided with some kind of process or tubercle.
For example, the spinous processes in the thoracic spine are directed downwards and backwards and prevent its excessive extension. There is no such anatomical factor in the popliteal fossa. It turns out that nature has nothing against squats. In addition, from the point of view of medicine, knee joint testing is performed precisely at a 90 degree bend, since it is in this position that the joint is maximally unstable.
About all this, of course, you can speak only in the case of doing squats with absolutely correct technique. Take, for example, squat with a low barbell. Many factors can affect the correctness of performance, from the mobility of the elbows and shoulder joints and to more “fine tuning” – the balance between the muscle groups (surface and deep layers) in the pelvic region and the trunk as a whole.
Excessive strain on the meniscus (their excessive squeezing) – this in principle is to be feared. This option is possible when the physiological width of the hips is not sufficiently developed, as in people with a low body mass index (BMI). But this is logical: for beginners for many reasons it is not necessary to squat with the pole from the first days “.
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